Difference between revisions of "Lesson 2"

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The day will begin with a review of the [[Lesson 1#Assignment: Flying|flying]] assignment.
 
  
[[Painting|Photoshop's brush]], though capable of some complexity, is in essence a very dumb thing. The effect that it produces has little of the nuance of its analogue precursor. In other words, photoshop is a very poor painting machine.
 
  
I find that much student work looks flat and monotonous, with little difference between objects of different texture and material. A painting of an airplane flaying across the ocean on a cloudy day should respect the difference between air (clouds), metal (airplane) and water (sea). It is your excessive reliance on
 
  
There is a way of using photoshop that takes advantage of the digital nature of the medium: This we may loosely term this approach procedural. A simple example of a procedural approach is the way a sky can be made using the [[Tools#Gradient|Gradient Tool]]. A procedural approach is likely to involve the following or combinations thereof.
+
 
 +
The day will begin with a review of the topics covered in [[Lesson 1]].
 +
 
 +
====Exercise: tone and painting====
 +
[[File:rembrandt.jpg|x300px]]
 +
 
 +
This exercise is simple: to paint a black and white copy of the Rembrandt painting.
 +
 
 +
* Download the Rembrandt painting above (direct link is [http://opticalenquiry.com/photoshop/images/d/d6/Rembrandt.jpg here]).
 +
 
 +
* Duplicate the image layer and desaturated it.
 +
 
 +
* Make a new file exactly the same pixel dimension as the Rembrandt. The easiest way to do this is to select all (command A), copy (command c) and then make a new file. The size of the file will default to whatever is in your clipboard.
 +
 
 +
* Start with a dark grey background (around the average value of the Rembrandt painting), not a white one. This grey will be your mid tone onto which you will apply your dark and light tones.
 +
 
 +
* Place the two open windows next to each other (Window / Arrange / Tile All Vertically).
 +
 
 +
* Paint a copy of the Rembrandt into this new file.
 +
 
 +
Remember:
 +
 
 +
* Use the following tonal set: black, dark, mid, light, white. Other values will be blends of these.
 +
 
 +
* Black and white are 'rare' values, do not over use them.
 +
 
 +
* '''Details come last'''. Do '''not''' start with a super detailed rendering of the eye. To begin with, paint big and broad and establish the positive and negative space. After that, work down to the details.
 +
 
 +
* Just as tones are 'three fold', so to are edges. An edge is hard, soft or diffuse. Edges are particular important in tonal painting, as they act to separate the tonal regions.
 +
 
 +
* Evaluate by copy and pasting the original over your painting.
 +
 
 +
* Work fast!
 +
 
 +
* [[Image#Fliperoo|filperoo]]! [[Image#Fliperoo|filperoo]]! [[Image#Fliperoo|filperoo]]! [[Image#Fliperoo|filperoo]]! [[Image#Fliperoo|filperoo]]!
 +
 
 +
{| style="color:black; background-color:#f8f9c5;" width= "100%" cellpadding="10" cellspacing="0" border="1"
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|'''Important asset''': [http://teachdrawing.com/index.php?title=Category:Tone This page] has a lot of information on tone.
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
===Assignment: Art Renewal===
 +
Your assignment is a duplicate of the class exercise: to do a tonal copy of a classic painting. Alternately, you may attempt a color painting. This assignment is due in week 4.
 +
 
 +
The painting should be sourced from [https://www.artrenewal.org/articles/Most_Popular_Artists/Most_Popular_Artists.php this page] (the favorite 255 painters list from Art Renewal org). Only images of paintings from this website will be accepted. You are to retain the original link and the artist's name for review in class.
 +
 
 +
Art Renewal org is curious thing: with its fanatical focus on figurative painting in the classical style, it behaves as if the last 100 years of art history has not happened. Nonetheless, they host a wonderful collection of digital reproductions of pre-modern art.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
<!--The day will begin with a review of the [[Lesson 1#Assignment: simply composite | simply composite]] assignment from [[Lesson 1]].
 +
 
 +
===Procedural painting===
 +
[[Painting|Photoshop's brush]], though capable of some complexity, is in essence a very [http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-V2Zc7xV01ls/TuLTAJ4ETII/AAAAAAAAABk/PFM-yntM2W0/s1600/dumb%252520americans.jpg dumb] thing. The effect that it produces has little of the nuance of its analogue precursor. In other words, photoshop is a very poor painting machine.
 +
 
 +
I find that much student work looks flat and monotonous, with little difference between objects of different texture and material. A painting of an airplane flying across the ocean on a cloudy day should respect the difference between air (clouds), metal (airplane) and water (sea). It is your excessive reliance on the paint tool that encourages this shortcoming.
 +
 
 +
There is a way of using photoshop that takes advantage of the digital nature of the medium to 'generate' the things that we might otherwise paint. This may loosely be termed a procedural approach. A simple example of a procedural approach is the way a sky can be made using the [[Tools#Gradient|Gradient Tool]]. A procedural approach is likely to involve the following or combinations thereof:
  
 
* [[Filters]]
 
* [[Filters]]
Line 15: Line 67:
 
* [[Tools]]
 
* [[Tools]]
  
Procedural painting can be very complex and take you to every corner of photoshop, but If I had to prioritise one skill set above others, it would be [[Blend Modes]]. An informed use of these will enliven and deepen your image.  
+
Procedural painting can be very complex and take you to every corner of photoshop, but If I had to prioritise one skill set above others, it would be [[Blend Modes]]. I am '''not''' suggesting that you adopt an entirely procedural approach, but an informed use of these will enliven and deepen your image.  
 
 
===Class Exercise: Simple file===
 
Using a range of approaches
 
  
===Assignment: Procedural===
+
An example of a procedurally made painting is  [http://opticalenquiry.com/photoshop/documents/procedural.psd here (right click download)].  
Do a digital painting consisting of the following elements.  
 
  
* Candle: material nature is translucent and glowing.  
+
===Exercise: procedural textures===
 +
Explore filters, blend modes, adjustments and suchlike to make five different textures. Your task is to get each texture as different to each other as possible.
  
* Candle flame: this is the light source and will likely cast some sort of glow.  
+
===Assignment: procedural painting===
 +
Do a digital painting or a composite that features at least three strongly different textures. This difference should be in their material nature. Some suggestions:
  
* Brass candle stick: this is reflective and orange.  
+
* Skin, metal armor and fire.
 +
* Water, wooden boat and rocks.
 +
* Wind, tree leaves and sun.  
  
* Rough wooden table top: this is heavily textured. Maybe in the cracks between the timber boards, there will be heavy occlusion (i.e. darkness).
+
You are to keep your brushwork to a bare minimum and adopt a procedural approach. The differences between these elements must be pushed as far as you can.
  
You are to keep your brushwork to a bare minimum. These four objects are to be made using procedural approaches only. Source files may be used in blend mode operations (for example, to provide the reflections in the brass candlestick). The differences between them must be pushed as far as you can.
+
===Assets and related links===
 +
{{Template:Assets_Lesson_2}}-->

Latest revision as of 19:29, 24 October 2016



The day will begin with a review of the topics covered in Lesson 1.

Exercise: tone and painting

Rembrandt.jpg

This exercise is simple: to paint a black and white copy of the Rembrandt painting.

  • Download the Rembrandt painting above (direct link is here).
  • Duplicate the image layer and desaturated it.
  • Make a new file exactly the same pixel dimension as the Rembrandt. The easiest way to do this is to select all (command A), copy (command c) and then make a new file. The size of the file will default to whatever is in your clipboard.
  • Start with a dark grey background (around the average value of the Rembrandt painting), not a white one. This grey will be your mid tone onto which you will apply your dark and light tones.
  • Place the two open windows next to each other (Window / Arrange / Tile All Vertically).
  • Paint a copy of the Rembrandt into this new file.

Remember:

  • Use the following tonal set: black, dark, mid, light, white. Other values will be blends of these.
  • Black and white are 'rare' values, do not over use them.
  • Details come last. Do not start with a super detailed rendering of the eye. To begin with, paint big and broad and establish the positive and negative space. After that, work down to the details.
  • Just as tones are 'three fold', so to are edges. An edge is hard, soft or diffuse. Edges are particular important in tonal painting, as they act to separate the tonal regions.
  • Evaluate by copy and pasting the original over your painting.
  • Work fast!
Important asset: This page has a lot of information on tone.

Assignment: Art Renewal

Your assignment is a duplicate of the class exercise: to do a tonal copy of a classic painting. Alternately, you may attempt a color painting. This assignment is due in week 4.

The painting should be sourced from this page (the favorite 255 painters list from Art Renewal org). Only images of paintings from this website will be accepted. You are to retain the original link and the artist's name for review in class.

Art Renewal org is curious thing: with its fanatical focus on figurative painting in the classical style, it behaves as if the last 100 years of art history has not happened. Nonetheless, they host a wonderful collection of digital reproductions of pre-modern art.